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Exploring the Ability to Deceive in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
This study was conducted to explore the ability and propensity to verbally deceive others in children with and without autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We also explored the relationships among lie-telling ability, false ...
THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF ROLE PLAY: ARE CHILDREN “THINKING-AS-IF” OR “BEHAVING-AS-IF”?
When children role play, they do things such as change their tone of voice or take on the character’s emotions or needs. These behaviours make it appear as though children adopt the mental perspective of the character they ...
Preliminary Investigations of Dopaminergic Contributions to Preschoolers' Theory of Mind Development
During the preschool years, children across all cultures that have been tested seem to come to an explicit understanding of the fact that mental states are related to but ultimately separate from the reality that they are ...
Theory of Mind Decoding and Reasoning Abilities in Depression, Social Phobia, and Comorbid Conditions
Vulnerability to major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by extensive interpersonal dysfunction. A framework that has been used to understand this impairment is theory of mind, or the ability to decode and reason ...
Young Children's Understanding of False Belief: P3b Responses to an Implicit False Belief Task
Representational theory of mind (TOM) is the everyday understanding that others’ behaviour is motivated by internal representational mental states such as beliefs, desires and intentions. In the standard false belief task, ...
The Interactive Effects of Executive Functioning and Relevant Experience on Theory of Mind Development
This study investigated processes underlying the relation between executive functioning and false belief knowledge in preschool-aged children. The primary goal was to test the theory that executive functioning skills equip ...