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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1974/242

Title: Trophic niche segregation in the Nilotic ichthyofauna of Lake Albert (Uganda, Africa)
Authors: Campbell, Linda

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File Description SizeFormat
Campbelletal_EBF2005.pdfMain Environ. Biol. Fish. journal article1.45 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
FORTRANcode.pdfEnviron. Biol. Fish. Appendix -- FORTRAN Coding for dietary estimates. Thacker & Campbell 200520.85 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Environmental Biology of Fishes
Citation: Campbell LM et al. 2005. Environ. Biol. Fish. 74:247-260
Abstract: Nile perch, <i>Lates niloticus</i>, and Nile tilapia, <i>Oreochromis niloticus</i>, were originally transplanted from Lake Albert in western Uganda to the African Great Lakes, Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga, where they are partially implicated in reduction of the fish species diversity. Lake Albert is facing multiple environmental changes, including declining fish species diversity, hyper-eutrophication, hypoxia, and reduced fish catches. To examine the role of Nile perch and Nile tilapia in the food web in their native Lake Albert, we estimated their diets using stable nitrogen and carbon isotopes. In Lake Albert, the tilapiine congeners (closely related species), <i>Tilapia zillii</i>, <i>Oreochromis leucostictus</i>, and <i>Sarethorodon galilaeus</i>, and the centropomid Nile perch congener, <i>Lates macrophthalmus</i>, have narrower diet breath in the presence of the native <i>O. niloticus</i> and <i>L. niloticus</i>. A computerized parameter search of dietary items for five commercially important fish species (<i>Hydrocynus forskahlii</i>, <i>Bagrus bayad</i>, <i>L. niloticus</i>, <i>Alestes baremose</i> and <i>Brycinus nurse</i>) was completed using a static isotopic mixing model. The outcome of the simulation for most fish species compared favorably to previously published stomach contents data for the Lake Albert fishes dating back to 1928, demonstrating agreement between stable isotope values and analyses of stomach contents. While there were some indications of changes in the diets of <i>L. niloticus</i> and <i>A. baremose</i> diets over the past 20 years in parallel with other changes in the lake, for the most part, food web structure in this lake remained stable since 1928. The Lake Albert fish assemblage provides insight into the invasion success of <i>L. niloticus</i> and <i>O. niloticus</i>.
Description: Linda M. Campbell, Sylvester B. Wandera, Robert J. Thacker, D. George Dixon & Robert E. Hecky. 2005. Trophic niche segregation in the Nilotic ichthyofauna of Lake Albert (Uganda, Africa). Environmental Biology of Fishes 74:247-260.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1974/242
Appears in Collections:Environmental Research

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