Mathematics and Statistics, Department of: Recent submissions
Now showing items 120 of 170

Working with sophisticated problems in a grade 10 math classroom: The exploration of new experiences on selfefficacy
(201709)Studies show that selfefficacy is a strong indicator of student math achievement (Kitsantas et al., 2011). It has also been seen that selfefficacy changes based on the situation that one has to face (Bandura, 1997). This ... 
Evaluation and Application of a Test for TreatmentBiomarker Interaction Effects Using Probabilistic Indices
(201708)A predictive biomarker is a patient characteristic which associates with different effects of the treatment on the patient. In clinical trials, it is often of interest to assess whether the effects of the treatment differ ... 
Channel Optimized Scalar Quantization over Orthogonal Multiple Access Channels with Memory
In this thesis, the joint sourcechannel coding method, channel optimized scalar quantization, is applied to realvalued, correlated data. The data is sent over the orthogonal multiple access channel, with nonbinary noisy ... 
Ensemble Controllability of Linear Control Systems
(2017)This thesis is concerned about ensemble controllability. We give an overview of the notions of ensemble controllability, in particular, $L_{2}$ensemble controllability, and uniform ensemble controllability. We review the ... 
Pushsum Algorithm on Timevarying Random Graphs
In this thesis, we study the problem of achieving average consensus over a random timevarying sequence of directed graphs by extending the class of socalled push sum algorithms to such random scenarios. Provided that ... 
Global Fluctuations of Random Matrices and the SecondOrder Cauchy Transform
In this thesis we study the global fluctuations of random matrices (i.e., the covariance of two traces) from a secondorder free probability perspective, putting a particular emphasis on block Gaussian matrices. Our main ... 
Disease, Sex and Evolution
This thesis focuses upon some evolutionary problems related to sexual reproduction and disease. We first consider whether we should expect a fundamental difference between the outcomes of pre and postcopulatory sexual ... 
Noncommutative Independences for Pairs of Faces
In noncommutative probability theories, many different notions of independence arise in various contexts. According to the early classification work, there are only five such notions that are universal/natural in the sense ... 
Information and Estimation Theoretic Approaches to Data Privacy
Warner [145] in 1960s proposed a simple mechanism, now referred to as the randomized response model, as a remedy for what he termed “evasive answer bias” in survey sampling. The randomized response setting is as follows: ... 
Statistical Methods For Biomarker Threshold Models in Clinical Trials
In clinical trials, the main objective is to investigate the treatment effects on patients. However, many molecularly targeted drugs or treatments tend to benefit a subset of patients more, identified by a certain biomarker. ... 
Representation of numbers by quaternary quadratic forms
(20160927) 
An Rpackage for the Estimation and Testing of Multiple Covariates and Biomarker Interactions for Survival Data Based on Local Partial Likelihood
(20160927)When we study the variables that a ffect survival time, we usually estimate their eff ects by the Cox regression model. In biomedical research, e ffects of the covariates are often modi ed by a biomarker variable. This ... 
On The Dirichlet Distribution
(20160927)The Dirichlet distribution is a multivariate generalization of the Beta distribution. It is an important multivariate continuous distribution in probability and statistics. In this report, we review the Dirichlet distribution ... 
Degeneracy of velocity constraints in rigid body systems
(20160927)The equations governing the dynamics of rigid body systems with velocity constraints are singular at degenerate configurations in the constraint distribution. In this report, we describe the causes of singularities in the ... 
An impulsive differential equation model for Marek's disease
(20160922)Many dynamical processes are subject to abrupt changes in state. Often these perturbations can be periodic and of short duration relative to the evolving process. These types of phenomena are described well by what are ... 
Elliptic Functions and Elliptic Interpolation
(20160921) 
Irreducibility of Random Hilbert Schemes
(20160913)We prove that a random Hilbert scheme that parametrizes the closed subschemes with a fixed Hilbert polynomial in some projective space is irreducible and nonsingular with probability greater than $0.5$. To consider the ... 
Estimation of Sample Size and Power For Quantile Regression
(20160824)Quantile regression (QR) was first introduced by Roger Koenker and Gilbert Bassett in 1978. It is robust to outliers which affect least squares estimator on a large scale in linear regression. Instead of modeling mean of ... 
Codomain Rigidity of the Dirichlet to Neumann Operator for the Riemannian Wave Equation
(20160823)We study the Dirichlet to Neumann operator for the Riemannian wave equation on a compact Riemannian manifold. If the Riemannian manifold is modelled as an elastic medium, this operator represents the data available to an ... 
A Review on Repeated Games and Reputations with Incomplete Information
(20160720)In this project we review the effects of reputation within the context of game theory. This is done through a study of two key papers. First, we examine a paper from Fudenberg and Levine: Reputation and Equilibrium ...