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|Title: ||A candidate gene analysis of response to citalopram and escitalopram treatment in patients with major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder|
|Authors: ||GEDGE, L|
candidate gene analysis
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Series/Report no.: ||Canadian theses|
|Abstract: ||Objective: To determine whether genotype at the catechol-O-methyltransferase rs4680, dopamine D2 receptor rs1800497, serotonin receptor 1A rs6295 or serotonin transporter 5-HTTLPR single nucleotide polymorphisms is associated with response to citalopram and escitalopram treatment in patients with major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder.
Methods: Twenty one patients with depression or anxiety who were treated with citalopram or escitalopram for greater than one year, and who stopped the medication for a period of time during which their symptoms returned, and upon re-commencing the medication their symptoms were again reduced, were classified as responders. Patients were assessed using the Sheehan Disability Scale and the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomology- self report. The control group consisted of 146 healthy participants. Genotype was determined at each of the candidate genes studied: catechol-O-methyltransferase, dopamine D2 receptor, serotonin receptor 1A and serotonin transporter. Chi squared tests were used to compare genotypic and allele frequencies between responders and controls.
Results: There was no significant difference in genotypic or allele frequencies between responders and controls at each of the genes analyzed.
Conclusions: This pilot study suggests that genotype at the catechol-O-methyltransferase, dopamine D2 receptor, serotonin receptor 1A and serotonin
transporter genes is not associated with response to citalopram and escitalopram treatment in patients with depression and anxiety. A larger sample size, along with a genome-wide scan are needed to identify genetic variants that predict medication response in future patients.|
|Description: ||Thesis (Master, Neuroscience Studies) -- Queen's University, 2010-08-31 12:26:21.402|
|Appears in Collections:||Queen's Theses & Dissertations|
Neuroscience Studies Graduate Theses
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