Performance Lab for the Advancement of Youth in Sport (PLAYS) Faculty Publications

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    Intricacies of the Friendship-Cohesion Relationship in Children's Sport
    (2017-03-01) Herbison, Jordan D.; Benson, Alex J.; Martin, Luc J.
    The article focuses on intricacies of the friendship-cohesion relationship in children's sport. It mentions broad conceptualisation of connection is that it reflects the quality of relationships and degree of interaction with peers and coaches in the immediate sport environment. It also mentions emporal direction of this relationship in child sport and friendship would exhibit positive reciprocity.
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    Confidence Building Strategies Used by High-Level Rowing Coaches
    (1998-09-01) Sedgwick, Whitney A.; Côté, Jean; Dowd, A. Justine
    Presents a summary of the article `Confidence Building Strategies Used by High-Level Rowing Coaches,' by W.A. Sedgwick, J. Cote and J. Dowd which appeared in the 1997 issue of the journal `AVANTE.'
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    Subgroups and Cliques in Sport: A Longitudinal Case Study of a Rugby Union Team
    (2017-03-01) Wagstaff, Christopher Robert David; Martin, Luc J.; Thelwell, Richard C.
    Although subgroups and cliques are anecdotally referenced as salient factors in sport organizations, they have only recently received attention within sport psychology literature. This is surprising given the potential influence of subgroup behavior on group-related processes and team functioning. The present study employed a longitudinal, repeated interview case study design to examine competitive rugby players’ awareness of subgroups and cliques, in addition to perceptions of their development, influence, and management over the course of a season. Findings indicated that players were not only able to articulate the nature of subgroups and cliques, but also to identify members of the various subunits. Both subgroup and clique membership and behavior were found to be fluid, develop over time, and be shaped by several organizational factors. Recommendations for the management of subgroups and cliques are provided, and the results are discussed in line with theoretical perspectives and practical applications.
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    Groupness and Leadership Perceptions in Relation to Social Identity in Youth Sport
    (2016-09-21) Martin, Luc J.; Balderson, Danny; Hawkins, Michael; Wilson, Kathleen S.; Bruner, Mark W.
    Despite support for a number of consequences emanating from social identity in sport, much less is known pertaining to potential antecedents. This study sought to extend preliminary findings from recent youth sport research (e.g., Bruner et al., 2015 Bruner, M. W., Eys, M. A., Evans, M. B., & Wilson, K. (2015). Interdependence and social identity in youth sport teams. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 27, 351–358. [Taylor & Francis Online], [Web of Science ®], [Google Scholar] ) by investigating perceptions of groupness and leadership status in relation to social identity in 480 athletes. Results indicated that perceptions of groupness at the individual and team levels were positively related to social identity, as was being a formal or informal leader. As such, both identifying as a leader and perceiving an increased amount of groupness among teammates increased social identity
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    Psychological Collectivism in Youth Athletes on Individual Sport Teams
    (2016-07-24) Donkers, Janice L.; Martin, Luc J.; Evans, M. Blair
    The purpose of the current study was to determine whether psychological collectivism could predict enjoyment and intentions to return in athletes on individual sport teams. In addition, structural interdependence and age were used as moderator variables for the proposed relationships. A total of 142 youth (Mage = 14.44 years; SD = 1.63; 62% female) completed questionnaires at two data-collection periods (T1 – psychological collectivism, structural interdependence, and age; T2 – enjoyment and intentions to return), and the results indicated that psychological collectivism positively predicted both enjoyment and intentions to return. Also, task interdependence significantly moderated the relationship between psychological collectivism and enjoyment (b = .14, t(137) = −1.90, p = .06) and intentions to return (b = −.17, t(137) = −2.07, p < .05). Specifically, in situations where athletes were required to work together during competition (e.g. relays), athletes’ collectivistic orientation had a stronger relationship with both enjoyment and intentions to return. Similarly, among older athletes, collectivism had a stronger positive relationship with intentions to return (b = .05, t(138) = 2.04, p < .05). These results are discussed in terms of their theoretical and practical implications.