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dc.contributor.authorDarabi, Alien
dc.date2015-09-15 06:42:23.629
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-15T20:17:51Z
dc.date.available2015-09-15T20:17:51Z
dc.date.issued2015-09-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/13615
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D, Chemical Engineering) -- Queen's University, 2015-09-15 06:42:23.629en
dc.description.abstractThe main objective of this research project was synthesizing CO2-responsive latexes by nitroxide-mediated polymerization (NMP). Therefore, 2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DEAEMA) as a CO2-responsive monomer was chosen for the synthesis poly(DEAEMA) macroinitiator that can be used as a stabilizer for the preparation of poly(methyl methacrylate), PMMA, latexes. NMP of DEAEMA was performed in bulk with excellent control and livingness. The synthesized poly(DEAEMA) was then used in the protonated form as a macroalkoxyamine and stabilizer for the preparation of pH-responsive and CO2-switchable latexes with surfactant-free emulsion polymerization. The resultant latex particles were stable with small particle size and narrow size distribution. To simplify the process, PMMA latexes were prepared by one-pot two-step nitroxide-mediated surfactant-free emulsion polymerization. First, DEAEMA was polymerized for the first time in water and then at high conversions, MMA was added to the reaction media and amphiphilic diblock copolymers were formed, which converted to the latex particles when the hydrophobic block reached to the critical chain length based on polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) mechanism. However, the synthesized nanoparticles with poly(DEAEMA) shell and PMMA core were not redispersible after coagulation. It was figured out that the main reason for the irreversible coagulation of latex particles was the low glass transition temperature (Tg) of poly(DEAEMA) which causes the diffusion of the particles shell into each other. Also, it was demonstrated that DEAEMA is hydrolyzed very fast in the basic conditions and high temperatures suitable for NMP. To address these issues, dimethaminopropyl methacrylamide (DMAPMA) was used as another CO2-responsive monomer with higher Tg and also hydraulic stability in the synthesis of MMA and styrene latexes. In this case, the synthesized nanoparticles were redispersible by the stimulation of CO2.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsCreative Commons - Attribution - CC BYen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectEmulsionen
dc.subjectNMPen
dc.titlePreparation of CO2-Switchable and Water-Redispersible Latexes Using Nitroxide-Mediated Surfactant-Free Emulsion Polymerizationen
dc.typethesisen
dc.description.degreePhDen
dc.contributor.supervisorCunningham, Michael F.en
dc.contributor.departmentChemical Engineeringen
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen


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