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dc.contributor.authorBeauchamp, Mark R.
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Y.
dc.contributor.authorMorton, K. L.
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Luc J.
dc.contributor.authorWilson, A. H.
dc.contributor.authorWilson, A. J.
dc.contributor.authorSylvester, Benjamin D.
dc.contributor.authorZumbo, Bruno D.
dc.contributor.authorBarling, Julian
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-14T19:50:36Z
dc.date.available2016-04-14T19:50:36Z
dc.date.issued2016-04-14
dc.identifier.otherDOI 10.1007/s12529-013-9321-2
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/14218
dc.description.abstractBackground Regular physical activity is associated with a range of physical and psychological health benefits. In North America the majority of adolescents are insufficiently active. Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the prospective relationship between adolescents' perceptions of transformational leadership displayed by their school physical education teachers and their own physical activity behaviors, both with respect to within-class physical activity (WCPA) and also leisure time physical activity (LTPA). Method The study used a prospective observational design. Using multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM), we examined the extent to which adolescents' affective attitudes mediated the effects of teachers' behaviors on adolescents' physical activity responses. Two thousand nine hundred and forty-eight adolescents (Mage=14.33, SD=1.00, Nfemale= 1,641, 55.7 %) from 133 Grade 8–10 classes in British Columbia (Canada) provided ratings of their physical education teachers' behaviors midway through the school year. Two months later, students completed measures of affective attitudes, WCPA, and LTPA. Results The results indicated that adolescents' perceptions of transformational teaching explained significant variance in both WCPA and LTPA, and these effects were fully mediated by adolescents' affective attitudes (total indirect effect: b=0.581, p<0.001). Conclusion The findings suggest that transformational leadership behaviors displayed by physical education teachers may be an important source of adolescent enjoyment of physical education as well as health-enhancing physical activity involvement within school and outside of school.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectTransformational Leadershipen_US
dc.subjectMultilevel Structural Equation Modelingen_US
dc.subjectAdolescentsen_US
dc.subjectAffective Attitudesen_US
dc.subjectPhysical Activityen_US
dc.titleTransformational Teaching and Adolescent Physical Activity:Multilevel and Mediational Effectsen_US
dc.typejournal articleen_US


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