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dc.contributor.authorBeauchamp, Mark R.en
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Y.en
dc.contributor.authorMorton, K. L.en
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Luc J.en
dc.contributor.authorWilson, A. H.en
dc.contributor.authorWilson, A. J.en
dc.contributor.authorSylvester, Benjamin D.en
dc.contributor.authorZumbo, Bruno D.en
dc.contributor.authorBarling, Julianen
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-14T19:50:36Z
dc.date.available2016-04-14T19:50:36Z
dc.date.issued2016-04-14
dc.identifier.otherDOI 10.1007/s12529-013-9321-2
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/14218
dc.description.abstractBackground Regular physical activity is associated with a range of physical and psychological health benefits. In North America the majority of adolescents are insufficiently active. Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the prospective relationship between adolescents' perceptions of transformational leadership displayed by their school physical education teachers and their own physical activity behaviors, both with respect to within-class physical activity (WCPA) and also leisure time physical activity (LTPA). Method The study used a prospective observational design. Using multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM), we examined the extent to which adolescents' affective attitudes mediated the effects of teachers' behaviors on adolescents' physical activity responses. Two thousand nine hundred and forty-eight adolescents (Mage=14.33, SD=1.00, Nfemale= 1,641, 55.7 %) from 133 Grade 8–10 classes in British Columbia (Canada) provided ratings of their physical education teachers' behaviors midway through the school year. Two months later, students completed measures of affective attitudes, WCPA, and LTPA. Results The results indicated that adolescents' perceptions of transformational teaching explained significant variance in both WCPA and LTPA, and these effects were fully mediated by adolescents' affective attitudes (total indirect effect: b=0.581, p<0.001). Conclusion The findings suggest that transformational leadership behaviors displayed by physical education teachers may be an important source of adolescent enjoyment of physical education as well as health-enhancing physical activity involvement within school and outside of school.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectTransformational Leadershipen
dc.subjectMultilevel Structural Equation Modelingen
dc.subjectAdolescentsen
dc.subjectAffective Attitudesen
dc.subjectPhysical Activityen
dc.titleTransformational Teaching and Adolescent Physical Activity:Multilevel and Mediational Effectsen
dc.typejournal articleen


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