MRI Registration for Human Hip Kinematics
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Measurement of joint kinematics can provide knowledge to help improve joint prosthesis design, as well as identify joint motion patterns that may lead to joint degeneration or injury. More investigation into how the hip translates in live human subjects during high amplitude motions is needed. This work presents a design of a non-invasive method using the registration between images from conventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and open MRI to calculate three dimensional hip joint kinematics. The method was tested on a single healthy subject in three different poses. MRI protocols for the conventional gantry, high-resolution MRI and the open gantry, lowresolution MRI were developed. The scan time for the low-resolution protocol was just under 6 minutes. High-resolution meshes and low resolution contours were derived from segmentation of the high-resolution and low-resolution images, respectively. Low-resolution contours described the poses as scanned, whereas the meshes described the bones’ geometries. The meshes and contours were registered to each other, and joint kinematics were calculated. The segmentation and registration were performed for both cortical and sub-cortical bone surfaces. A repeatability study was performed by comparing the kinematic results derived from three users’ segmentations of the sub-cortical bone surfaces from a low-resolution scan. The root mean squared error of all registrations was below 1.92mm. The maximum range between segmenters in translation magnitude was 0.95mm, and the maximum deviation from the average of all orientations was 1.27◦. This work demonstrated that this method for non-invasive measurement of hip kinematics is promising for measuring high-range-of-motion hip motions in vivo.