First Nation Successes: Developing Urban Reserves in Canada
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First Nation urban reserves have been a part of Canadian cities since the late 1980s. These reserves, an extension of a base or parent First Nation reserve, are separate pieces of land that can be found within a municipality and are created through the federal Additions to Reserve policy. To better understand this policy, and the impact of urban reserve development in Canada, this study analyzed three First Nations with urban reserves in Canada, which included the Westbank First Nation in Kelowna, British Columbia, the Muskeg Lake Cree Nation in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, and the Long Plain First Nation in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The analysis included a summary of the First Nation, development that has occurred on-reserve, the results of this development, as well as the lessons learned, benefits, and challenges of urban reserve creation in Canada.