Quadrupole Central Transition NMR Spectroscopy of Quadrupolar Nuclei in Solution
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This thesis reports on 17O (I = 5/2) and 59Co (I = 7/2) quadrupole central transition (QCT) NMR studies of three classes of biologically important molecules: glucose, nicotinamide and Vitamin B12 derivatives. Extensive QCT NMR experiments were performed over a wide range of molecular motion by changing solvent viscosity and temperature. 17O-labels were introduced at the 5- and 6-positions respectively: D-[5-17O]-glucose and D-[6-17O]-glucose following the literature method. QCT NMR greatly increased the molecular size limit obtained by ordinary solution NMR. It requires much lower temperatures to get the optimal spectral resolution, which are preferable for biological molecules. In addition, quadrupolar product parameter (PQ) and shielding anisotropy product parameter (PSA) were obtained for hydroxide group and amide group for the first time. For conventional NMR studies of quadrupolar nuclei, only PQ is accessible while QCT NMR obtained both PQ and PSA simultaneously. Our experiments also suggest the resolution of QCT NMR can be even better than that obtained by conventional NMR. We observed for the first time that the second-order quadrupolar interaction becomes a dominant relaxation mechanism under ultraslow motion. All these observations suggest that QCT NMR can become a standard technique for studying quadrupolar nuclei in solution.