CANADA AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR: A CAUSAL ANALYSIS
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The purpose of this document is to provide the teacher with a complete resource package of lessons, documents, and tools to implement within the classroom to educate their students on an overall expectation in the Ontario History Curriculum. Built upon the historical thinking concepts outlined in Peter Seixas and Tom Morton’s “The Big Six,” these lessons focus specifically on one of these concepts to engage students in inquiry based learning. Used together, these lessons tell a story about the devastating impact of World War II, and the heroic Canadian contributions to the war effort. During the first lesson, students will examine the social, political and economic conditions which resulted in the rise of the Nationalist Socialist Party in Germany. Students will put themselves in the position of the German people, and consider the conditions which influenced the people of Germany to elect Adolf Hitler and how these conditions influenced the rise of the National Socialist State. This lesson will address continuity and change throughout Germany in the years prior to 1939. In the second lesson, students will explore other key causes of the Second World War by examining primary source documents, such as the Treaty of Versailles. Through exploring the causes of the war, students will have a clearer understanding of the tumultuous path to war and the resulting battles that ensued. In the third lesson, students will learn about the role of Canadians in the battles which occurred on land, at sea and in the air. Students will explore key Canadian Battles in depth to understand how these historically significant battles helped shape the war and the Canadian identity. Lastly, students will learn about the contribution of Women to the Canadian war effort during WWII. By examining the war through the lens of women, students will be able to explore a unique perspective of WWII. Students will examine the many roles women took on during the war and learn about their changing position in society during this time. By completing this resource pack, students will have a rich understanding of the causes, and consequences of the Second World War. Students will have had the opportunity to explore a variety of primary source mediums and expand their critical thinking skills. This resource pack uses the Ontario Canadian and World Studies Curriculum to explore these topics and ensure they are being covered in a detailed manner. This resource pack will allow educators to use a variety of tools to engage learners and deepen their understanding of the Second World War.