Co-managment Techniques and the Alderville Black Oak Savanna
In the last fifteen years, First Nation and Ontario government relations have emerged as the most important issue in environmental resource and land use planning. Investigative reports such as the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples highlight the disparaging relationships between the two distinct organizations. The Alderville First Nation Black Oak Savanna and Tallgrass Prairie is recognized as an exemplary approach to co-management, a leading example of beneficial relationships between the government and a First Nation group. The Alderville Black Oak Savanna, located in the Greenbelt of Southern Ontario, is a restoration project and ecology center run and operated by the Alderville First Nation. The restoration and governance initiative incorporates traditional ecological knowledge to preserve the native species of Canada’s eastern-most savanna and prairie. In dealing with the provincial government, the Alderville First Nation has incorporated many co-management techniques at differing levels. By developing an integrative typology incorporating a variety of scholarly components, a thorough and proper assessment of the co-management technique utilized between the Alderville First Nation and the Provincial Government of Ontario is possible. This relationship can then be analyzed on the basis of developing a comprehensive framework from which future Government-First Nation relationships can be built. The key values of an equitable co-management technique are highlighted and discussed both in general context and in specific regard to the Alderville Black Oak Savanna case study.