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dc.contributor.authorBakshi, Mariam
dc.contributor.otherQueen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Theses (Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.))en
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-27T22:10:31Z
dc.date.available2017-07-27T22:10:31Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/15976
dc.description.abstractBackground: Adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at a heightened risk for poor mental health. Limitations of medication use for the treatment of ADHD include non-response and adverse side effects. Physical activity has shown promise for such treatments through the alleviation of the direct symptoms of ADHD, as well as the fostering of positive mental health. However, the contexts in which physical activity occurs in youth with ADHD and impacts upon their mental health have not been thoroughly explored. Objectives: The objectives of this thesis are to: 1) describe the prevalence of positive and negative mental health indicators in Canadian youth with ADHD and compare the prevalence of these indicators to Canadian youth without ADHD, 2) estimate the strength and statistical significance of associations between different types of physical activity and mental health indicators in adolescents with ADHD, and; 3) examine the potential influence of biological sex and age in these relationships. Methods: Data from the 7th cycle of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study was used. Prevalence estimates were calculated for each mental health indicator by ADHD status. Rao-Scott chi-square tests were conducted to examine group differences. Multi-level log binomial regression models were developed to explore the associations of interest. Results: Canadian adolescents with ADHD reported poorer mental health than Canadian adolescents without ADHD. Within the ADHD population, females reported a higher prevalence of negative mental health indicators than males. Inconsistent patterns were found between engagement in different types of physical activities and mental health in youth with ADHD. The main potential etiological finding was that engagement in physical activity in certain contexts was associated with high prosocial behaviour in adolescents with ADHD. Conclusions: Identification of different mental health patterns in males and females in the ADHD population suggests the possibility of differential diagnoses of ADHD by biological sex. Physical activity in different contexts may have differential effects on the mental health of young people with ADHD. Understanding of these relationships could help inform public health to develop physical activity interventions that are the most effective in this subpopulation of youth.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorderen_US
dc.subjectMental healthen_US
dc.subjectPhysical activityen_US
dc.subjectEpidemiologyen_US
dc.titleMental Health and Physical Activity in Canadian Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorderen_US
dc.typethesisen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.contributor.supervisorPickett, Williamen
dc.contributor.departmentPublic Health Sciencesen


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