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dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Erica
dc.contributor.otherQueen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Theses (Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.))en
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-03T19:20:04Z
dc.date.available2018-08-03T19:20:04Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/24421
dc.description.abstractThe solvents used in painting and finishing are the primary source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in automotive manufacturing. Traditionally, VOCs have been incinerated in a Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer (RTO) that is heated using natural gas and emits significant amounts of CO_2 and H_2 O to the atmosphere [1]. The Fumes to Fuel process has been developed by Ford Motor Company to concentrate these VOCs. Optionally, hydrogen can be generated from the VOCs via steam-reforming, and purified for use in hydrogen fuel cell-powered forklifts. This process greatly reduces the amount of CO_2 emitted and generates clean energy. The overall efficiency of hydrogen production can be improved by adding a pre-reforming step before the primary steam reformer. The pre-reforming is done in the concentrator where a limited amount of VOCs are converted into hydrogen and carbon oxides. This work examined potential opportunities of the Fumes to Fuel process, including application throughout all automotive assembly plants as well as other industries to produce significant amounts of hydrogen for fuel cells. This study was followed by preliminary kinetic testing to validate an experimental setup that was built to test the catalytic performance of adsorbent supported VOC reforming catalyst. Methanol steam reforming kinetic measurements were done using a bench mark Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst at temperatures of 200, 240, and 260 ºC. Rate constants and the activation energy from these tests were compared with values from the literature and good agreement was demonstrated. The experimental setup will be used in future studies of potential adsorbent supported catalysts for pre-reforming of VOCs. These catalysts were prepared by impregnating adsorbent materials with noble metals and then characterized, though improvements should be made to the procedure, included testing different supports. These catalysts are to be tested in the experimental setup in the future now that the experimental setup is proven. The objective is to use these results to evaluate the possibility of carrying out some pre-reforming in the desorber/concentrator step of the Fumes to Fuel process leading to improved overall performance.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectVOCsen_US
dc.subjectFuel cellsen_US
dc.subjectAutomotive Finishingen_US
dc.subjectSteam reformingen_US
dc.subjectButanol steam reformingen_US
dc.subjectMethanol steam reformingen_US
dc.subjectCatalyst impregnationen_US
dc.subjectNoble metal catalysten_US
dc.titlePRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT AND EXPERIMENTAL SYSTEM FOR CONVERTING VOC FUMES TO HYDROGEN ENERGYen_US
dc.typeThesisen
dc.description.degreeMaster of Applied Scienceen_US
dc.contributor.supervisorPeppley, Brant
dc.contributor.departmentChemical Engineeringen_US
dc.embargo.termsSubmission of manuscript included in thesis with industry clienten_US
dc.embargo.liftdate2018-07-30T18:41:35Z


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