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Pietro Torrigiano made this painted marble bust, along with a painted terracotta bust of St. Gregory, in 1495-1496, when he was living in the house of Stefano Coppi in Rome. Coppi gave the two busts to the Spedale di Santa Fina in San Gimignano, his hometown. These busts, now in deposit at the Museo Civico in San Gimignano, were displayed in rounded niches in the hospital chapel. St. Fina, a thirteenth century girl who suffered terrible illness and died at the age of fifteen after having a vision of St. Gregory, is the patron of San Gimignano. While terracotta sculptures were invariably painted or glazed in the fifteenth century, and most marble works were partially polychromed, the painting of the complete surface of a marble sculpture is very unusual, at any rate in surviving examples. Here the smooth form of the marble and delicate colouring -- golden hair, flushed cheek, coral lips, pink eyelids and earlobes -- add to the loveliness of this image of the young saint and make her seem to live again. The slightly raised chin and turned head also perhaps convey her resolve in the face of terrible suffering, though her flesh is not shown as remotely ravaged by disease here. The arches in the base recall earlier reliquary busts, but there is no cavity for a relic here. The bust of St. Fina had to be adapted to the rounded niche with the addition of a ball of coloured marble, but the St. Gregory bust is curved at the bottom and thus seems to have been made slightly later for the niche. Photograph(s) licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.