Governing Forced Migration in Racial Capitalism: Refugee Survival in Paris and Nairobi
This dissertation examines the international, national, and urban dimensions of refugee governance and the geographies of survival in two major refugee hosting cities in the global North and global South: Paris, France and Nairobi, Kenya. I situate this work within two ongoing migration events—long-standing and chronic displacement in the Horn of Africa and the more recently prevalent migration in the European Union (EU). A central impetus of this study is to comprehend the governance of refugee survival within wider discussions of global political economy (GPE) with particular attention to interlinked racial and class-based forms of marginalization in urban spaces of racial capitalism. Refugee governance is understood as the multi-scalar management of refugee bodies from country of origin to various sites of relocation, occurring concurrently within neoliberal and racial forms of capitalism. Refugee survival hinges on three important and interrelated features impacting long-term refugee viability upon relocation in terms of political belonging, shelter, and labour or entrepreneurial access. My main theoretical aim rests on an exploratory exercise into the applicability and meaning of racial capitalism with regard to refugees as racialized disposable populations. In terms of methodology, the North-South comparison seeks to disrupt and reimagine the terrain of refugee governance and displacement. I employ a multi-sited case-study approach that allows for an examination of variegated processes of marginalization in the global North and global South. In particular, the Paris case shows the effects of disciplinary labour linked to conceptions of citizenship in the context of rising French nationalism. The Nairobi case reveals the disciplinary effects of entrepreneurship and finance in light of a virtually non-existent welfare state and ongoing neoliberalisation. In short, I seek to provide empirical evidence to how racialized regional and national policies influence the urban scale and everyday lived experiences of refugees upon relocation.
URI for this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/26667
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