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dc.contributor.authorGreco, Danielleen
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-27T22:06:43Z
dc.date.available2020-02-27T22:06:43Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/27643
dc.description.abstractDriven by decades of road salt use, freshwater salinization is prevalent across North America. Increasing chloride concentrations threaten freshwater species, and zooplankton are particularly sensitive. In Canada, the Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Aquatic Life (CWQG) set the chronic limit for chloride in freshwater at 120 mg/L. The ability of this guideline to protect zooplankton is questionable, given that: it is based on only five species of zooplankton, it relies on controlled laboratory studies that can miss indirect effects of contaminants on complex species interactions, and it does not account for factors that modify response to chloride. Increased food availability is one factor that has been shown to increase chloride tolerance in zooplankton species Daphnia pulex/pulicaria. It follows that differences in nutrient concentration, via their influence on phytoplankton biomass and availability of prey, could drive variation in response to chloride. Our main objectives were to understand how freshwater zooplankton respond to chloride, how nutrients could potentially modify response to chloride, and to determine if the CWQG chronic limit of 120 mg Cl-/L adequately protects zooplankton. We exposed a freshwater zooplankton community to thirty increasing increments of chloride concentrations (ambient to 1500 mg/L) for six weeks, crossed with either ambient or high nutrient treatments. Total biomass, richness and abundance of all zooplankton taxa, genera and species declined with increasing chloride, except for two rotifer genera, Keratella spp. and Lecane spp. Higher nutrients did not reduce the impact of chloride in any group, genus or species. Additionally, we observed 27.7–70.9% loss in abundance by the CWQG of 120 mg Cl-/L, suggesting that these guidelines should be revisited.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectZooplanktonen
dc.subjectChlorideen
dc.subjectNutrientsen
dc.subjectRoad Salten
dc.titleHigh sensitivity of freshwater zooplankton to low chloride concentrations is unaltered by nutrient levelen
dc.typethesisen
dc.description.degreeM.Sc.en
dc.contributor.supervisorArnott, Shelleyen
dc.contributor.departmentBiologyen
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen


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