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dc.contributor.authorBergin, Ryanen
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-24T18:24:19Z
dc.date.available2020-04-24T18:24:19Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/27732
dc.description.abstractThis thesis investigated the phytoextraction of both organic and inorganic contaminants from two locations of Canada (Point Pelee National Park (PPNP), Ontario and Iqaluit, Nunavut). PPNP is a National Park that is highly contaminated with dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), dieldrin, arsenic and lead from historical agricultural and residential pesticide applications. Six planted native grass and weed species, and several naturally occuring species were analyzed for DDT, dieldrin, arsenic and lead in four contaminated plots of PPNP. A composting study was also completed to determine if composting of contaminated plant material is an effective and sustainable option for handling contaminated plant biomass. Of all plant species studied in PPNP, Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem) was deemed to have the most potential for phytoextraction because it had a large biomass and accumulated high amounts of all four contaminants of interest. For this reason, it was selected for a follow-up greenhouse study. Two seed sources of A. gerardii (one commercial and one collected from PNPP) were grown in PPNP soil contaminated with DDT concentrations of 1,059 ng/g (low) and 5,071 ng/g (high). Mean levels of DDT in plant shoots were significantly higher (100.64 ± 33.09 ng/g) in the high contaminated soil but did not statistically differ in dieldrin, arsenic and lead concentrations between soil types. Seed source had no effect on phytoextraction potential. Mercury (Hg) concentrations within the Canadian Arctic are a current area of concern and research on merucry accumulation in terrestrial vegetation of the Arctic remains limited. Mercury levels in 24 soil samples, 23 plant, five lichen, and eight fungal (mushroom) species were assessed from eight locations in and around Iqaluit. Soil mercury levels across locations were not statistically different; however, median mercury concentrations of plant, lichen and fungi species ranged from 0.005 µg/g Hg dw in Saxifraga cernua (nodding saxifrage) to 1.6 µg/g in Lycoperdon perlatum (puffball). Overall, this thesis contributes new information on pesticide and metal phytoremediation in PPNP, demonstrating that phytoextraction by A. gerardii may be a suitable option to remediate contaminated soils in this National Park, and that phytoextraction by some Canadian Arctic vegetation may lead to elevated mercury concentrations.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectPhytoextractionen
dc.subjectPhytoremediationen
dc.subjectDichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT)en
dc.subjectDieldrinen
dc.subjectLeaden
dc.subjectArsenicen
dc.subjectMercuryen
dc.subjectIqaluiten
dc.titleAssessing the Phytoextraction of Organic and Inorganic Pollutants From Point Pelee National Park, Ontario and Iqaluit, Nunavuten
dc.typethesisen
dc.description.degreeM.E.S.en
dc.contributor.supervisorRutter, Allison
dc.contributor.supervisorZeeb, Barbara
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Studiesen
dc.embargo.termsThe results in this thesis will hopefully be published in the near future and therefore we are wanting to protect the rights from commercial publication. To make sure that the data and results from this thesis remain secure and private, I am asking to restrict the thesis for 5 years. Once the individual manuscripts are published, we can then released the thesis and the corresponding data.en
dc.embargo.liftdate2025-04-23T12:54:36Z
dc.embargo.liftdate2025-04-24T17:20:12Z
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen


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