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dc.contributor.authorBenmansour, Hichamen
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-14T19:26:53Z
dc.date.available2021-07-14T19:26:53Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/28962
dc.description.abstractAbout a hundred years after the first references to dark matter, the mystery around the nature of that elusive type of matter has still not been solved. Direct detection dark matter experiments are getting more and more sensitive but still face a lot of various backgrounds. We focus here on DEAP-3600, a liquid argon (LAr) target WIMP detector for which pulse shape discrimination (PSD) techniques are particularly efficient to distinguish nuclear recoils (NR), events characteristic of WIMP-argon interaction, from electronic recoil (ER) background events. However, α-events occurring in the neck of the DEAP-3600 detector lead to shadowed nuclear recoil-like events which mimic WIMP low energy scintillation pulse shape. Applying a wavelength shifter coating with high light yield and slow decay in the neck of the detector is expected to lead to a discrimination power of O(10^5) assuming a 100% signal acceptance. This thesis investigates the fluorescence properties of the favoured coating candidate, a pyrene-polystyrene thin film that could alter the pulse shape of these α-events in order to take them out of the WIMP region of interest. Emission spectra, fluorescence yield and fluorescence time constants were studied at 18 temperatures between 4 K and 300 K, including room temperature and LAr temperature (87 K), for several pyrene-polystyrene samples with varied pyrene concentrations (12% and 15%) and purities (98%, 99% and 99.9%). The highest pyrene concentration (15% pyrene) and the highest pyrene purity (99.9%) were found to have the highest light yield at all temperatures. At LAr temperature, the light yield of the 99.9% purity 15% pyrene sample relative to 1,1,4,4-tetraphenyl- 1,3-butadiene (TPB), a wavelength shifter commonly used in dark matter detectors, was found to be 45%. The highest pyrene purity samples (99.9% purity) also showed the slowest decay. The fluorescence profiles were modelled first using an adhoc model with a bi-exponential decay. The majority of the light at LAr temperature for both 12% and 15% concentration samples (99.9% purity) was found to be dominated by a decay with time constant higher than 250 ns. Overall, the 15% pyrene (99.9% purity) sample showed the highest potential for discrimination of DEAP-3600 neck α-events. For this sample, pyrene monomer and excimer fluorescence profiles were separated and modelled separately. At LAr temperature, the decay was dominated by the monomer fluorescence profile, a 293 ± 7 ns decay.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectDark Matteren
dc.subjectLiquid Argonen
dc.subjectWavelength Shiftersen
dc.subjectBackground Rejectionen
dc.subjectPyreneen
dc.subjectTPBen
dc.titleCharacterization of pyrene films for background rejection in liquid argon dark matter experimentsen
dc.typethesisen
dc.description.degreeM.Sc.en
dc.contributor.supervisorDi Stefano, Philippe
dc.contributor.departmentPhysics, Engineering Physics and Astronomyen
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen


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Queen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canada
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Queen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canada