Examining Indigenous-Related Changes in Ontario’s 2020 Provincial Policy Statement: A Content Analysis and Modified Rapid Review of the Literature
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In 2020, the Ontario Provincial Policy Statement (PPS), a document assembling planning-related policy/legislation into a unified vision, was updated with new/revised language pertaining to Indigenous peoples. A content and thematic analysis of this language revealed that Indigenous-related policy directives were strengthened, while also amplified or specified in scope. A significant change was language mandating municipal relationship-building and land use planning coordination with Indigenous communities. To contextualize these findings, a rapid literature review regarding Canadian municipal-Indigenous engagement and municipal duty to consult was conducted that showed an urban-focus in municipal engagement with Indigenous peoples that generally failed. Policy recommendations are: 1) Mandate municipal duty to consult in the PPS; 2) Provide funding and resourcing for engagement and relationship-building; and 3) Heed Indigenous calls for nation-to-nation relations.
URI for this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/29892
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