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dc.contributor.authorXing, Liyan
dc.contributor.otherQueen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Theses (Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.))en
dc.date2010-09-30 08:05:27.342en
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-30T14:39:51Z
dc.date.available2010-09-30T14:39:51Z
dc.date.issued2010-09-30T14:39:51Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/6111
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D, Chemistry) -- Queen's University, 2010-09-30 08:05:27.342en
dc.description.abstractFacile procedures based on hyphenated ion-exchange chromatography (IEC) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were developed to determine conditional stability constants, speciate chromium species and investigate the reduction of Cr(VI). 1. Improvements were made to a method previously developed to determine the conditional stability constant, Kf’, and chelation number, n, using IEC-ICP-MS. This method allowed the accurate determination of the conditional stability constant of a simple system. However, the corresponding chelation number was significantly different to the expected value because the principal assumption, i.e. that the ligand was in excess, was not realized in the experimentation. Furthermore, it neglected complexes other than that formed with EDTA4-. By taking into account these factors, accurate Kf’ and n were obtained for Co-EDTA and Zn-EDTA systems. 2. A simple method was developed for chromium speciation analysis at sub-µg L-1 level in potable water by IEC-ICP-MS. Cr(VI) and Cr(III) were separated on IonPac® AG-7 guard column within 7.5 minutes using gradient elution with 0.1 M ammonium nitrate and 0.8 M nitric acid. H2 collision/reaction interface gas eliminated chlorine-based and carbon-based polyatomic interferences on Cr detection. Water samples were analyzed directly, without any pretreatment. The accuracy of the method was verified through accurate analysis of riverine water certified reference material. Limits of detection of 0.02 and 0.04 µg L-1 for Cr(VI) and Cr(III), respectively, were obtained. 3. This speciation analysis method was then used for kinetics studies of Cr(VI) reduction in acidified riverine water. Water was spiked with Cr(VI), with or without Cr(III), and evolution of each Cr species with time was monitored by speciation analysis, showing that the reduction of Cr(VI) was a pseudo first order reaction. By plotting the logarithm of the peak area ratio of the instant Cr(VI) concentration over that of the original spiking versus time, the reaction rate constant was obtained as the slope. The reduction rate increased with decreasing pH and increasing temperature. The activation energy of the reaction at pH 1.3 was calculated using an Arrhenius plot. This method offers the advantages of small sample consumption, minimal sample manipulation, and easy data interpretation.en
dc.languageenen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectIon exchange chromatographyen
dc.subjectInductively coupled plasma mass spectrometryen
dc.subjectspeciation analysisen
dc.subjectchromium speciation analysisen
dc.subjectHyphenated techniqueen
dc.titleION EXCHANGE CHROMATOGRAPHY COUPLED TO INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY: A POWERFUL TECHNIQUE FOR STABILITY CONSTANT DETERMINATION, SPECIATION ANALYSIS AND KINETIC STUDIESen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.description.degreePh.Den
dc.contributor.supervisorBeauchemin, Dianeen
dc.contributor.departmentChemistryen


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