Reducing Acoustic Noise in MRI Scanners
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A study of methods for reducing the acoustic noise in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners is presented in this thesis. The structural-acoustic coupling mechanism of MRI scanners was investigated using a method of structural-acoustic modal analysis. Mathematical expressions of generalized radiation impedances of gradient coil ducts with perforated panel inserts were developed and the effects of the perforated panel inserts on the acoustic noise in the duct were discussed. The possibility of using micro-perforated panel (MPP) absorbers in MRI scanners to reduce the acoustic noise was then investigated through analytical and computational modeling. A comprehensive experimental study was conducted after the analytical and computational investigation. Finally, design methods and procedures were developed specifically for the MPP absorbers in MRI scanners. Design considerations and recommendations were given as well. Several major conclusions can be made from this research. Firstly, the method of structural-acoustic modal analysis is effective for finding the structural-acoustic coupling modes which should be avoided in the design of MRI scanners. Secondly, a perforated panel insert produces significant effects on the radiation impedance of gradient coil ducts and MRI scanner bores. This attribute partly contributes to its capability of reducing the acoustic noise in a duct. Thirdly, the effectiveness of MPP absorbers in MRI scanners can be accurately predicted using a combination of theoretical analysis and computational modeling. Moreover, it has been proved that well designed MPP absorbers are effective in reducing the acoustic noise in MRI scanners. Lastly, the presented design methods and recommendations for the MPP absorbers can be relatively easily used by MRI designers or engineers to tackle the acoustic noise problem in MRI scanners.