Regenerar la sociedad, construir el patriotismo o la ciudadanía: Educación y socialización política en la España del siglo XX
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The article provides an historical review of the different features that characterized the discurses of civic education during the twentieth century. The different ideas and initiatives examined here are representative of positions taken by the “regeneracionismo”, whether liberal or Catholic, by movements related to the working class, by those sustaining authoritarian positions, or by groups that were committed to the establishment and consolidation of democracy in Spanish society. The analysis situates the different objectives, meanings and modalities of the formative process, as well as the different civic values advocated for future citizens, which went from conformity, integration, discipline and information to autonomy.