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dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xiuboen
dc.date2011-06-21 11:53:28.706
dc.date.accessioned2011-06-22T18:18:09Z
dc.date.available2011-06-22T18:18:09Z
dc.date.issued2011-06-22T18:18:09Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/6566
dc.descriptionThesis (Master, Microbiology & Immunology) -- Queen's University, 2011-06-21 11:53:28.706en
dc.description.abstractIL-17 promotes inflammation through the recruitment of monocytes and induction of various chemokines and inflammatory cytokines. Monocytes respond to IL-17 through the heteromeric IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) composed of subunits IL-17RA and IL-17RC. Together, monocytes and IL-17 amplify inflammation. Controlling the cellular response to IL-17 is crucial to prevent hyperactivation of inflammatory responses, which could lead to chronic inflammatory diseases. The cellular response to increased IL-17 levels may be limited by controlling the receptor levels. Before we understand how monocytes respond to IL-17 during infection, we must first characterize the expression of IL-17R in these cells in response to LPS, a well-characterized pro-inflammatory signal. The aim of this study is to understand the mechanisms which regulate IL-17R levels in human monocytes. IL-17R mRNA and protein levels were measured in response to LPS by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis in primary human monocytes, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and the human monocytic cell line, THP-1. LPS enhanced IL-17RA and RC transcript levels in monocytes and PBMC. In contrast, IL-17RA protein levels decreased with LPS treatment in these cells. Investigation into mechanisms regulating IL-17RA protein levels lead to the observation that IL-17RA undergoes receptor degradation in response to LPS. This work identifies for the first time that 1) LPS enhances transcript levels of IL-17R and 2) after LPS treatment, IL-17RA protein levels are reduced via an endosome-dependent degradation pathway.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectIL-17Ren
dc.subjecthuman monocytesen
dc.subjectLPSen
dc.subjectreceptor regulationen
dc.titleLipopolysaccharide-Mediated Regulation of IL-17 Receptor Levels in Human Monocytesen
dc.typethesisen
dc.description.degreeM.Sc.en
dc.contributor.supervisorGee, Katrinaen
dc.contributor.departmentMicrobiology and Immunologyen
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen


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