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dc.contributor.authorAvery, Christopher Scotten
dc.date2011-12-12 12:54:28.436
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-12T19:25:25Z
dc.date.available2011-12-12T19:25:25Z
dc.date.issued2011-12-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/6902
dc.descriptionThesis (Master, Mining Engineering) -- Queen's University, 2011-12-12 12:54:28.436en
dc.description.abstractExtraction of metals from the seafloor has been considered for decades, beginning with manganese nodules in the 1970s. Today, the targets are massive sulphide deposits rich in copper, zinc, gold, and silver that are associated with hydrothermal vents or black smoker chimneys that occur at divergent and convergent plate margins such as mid-ocean ridges and volcanic island arcs respectively. A recent objective of the mining industry is to develop industry practices that coincide with concepts of sustainability or sustainable development. This objective, known by some as sustainable mining, has indeed become an essential part of the commissioning of any new project, regardless of geographical location. While there has been much work on sustainable mining practice for terrestrial mining, these frameworks are not directly applicable to seafloor projects. There are two problems facing the development of a seabed mining industry. First, there is a regulatory vacuum when considering the mining of seabed deposits, leading to important policy issues. Second, the economic, environmental, and social impacts of a seabed mining project are theoretical, and the real impacts are unknown. Thus, the identification, characterization, and analysis of the sustainability issues facing a seabed mining project are essential steps. To assist with performing these three steps, this thesis provides a process model based on the IDEF0 (Integration DEFinition) standard to assess seafloor massive sulphide mining projects from sustainable mining perspectives. This adaptation of IDEF0 provides a clear, visual representation of a hierarchical framework that can be used to identify “go no-go” sustainability criteria to assist decision makers interested in the potential development of an ore body.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectsustainabilityen
dc.subjectseafloor massive sulphidesen
dc.subjectIDEF0en
dc.subjectsustainable miningen
dc.titleSeafloor Massive Sulphides: Assessment of Sustainable Mining Potential through an Iterative Decision-making Frameworken
dc.typethesisen
dc.description.degreeM.A.Sc.en
dc.contributor.supervisorPakalnis, Vicen
dc.contributor.departmentMining Engineeringen
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen


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