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dc.contributor.authorO'Neill, Trevor
dc.contributor.otherQueen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Theses (Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.))en
dc.date2012-09-04 16:27:16.249en
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-06T23:18:57Z
dc.date.available2012-09-06T23:18:57Z
dc.date.issued2012-09-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/7426
dc.descriptionThesis (Master, Kinesiology & Health Studies) -- Queen's University, 2012-09-04 16:27:16.249en
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To determine whether for a given waist circumference (WC), a larger hip circumference (HC) was associated with a reduced risk of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes (T2D), hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in HIV-infected patients. A second objective was to determine whether, for a given WC, the addition of HC improved upon estimates of abdominal adiposity, in particular visceral adipose tissue (VAT), compared to those obtained by WC alone. Methods: HIV-infected men (N=1481) and women (N=841) were recruited between 2005 and 2009. WC and HC were obtained using standard techniques and abdominal adiposity was measured using computed tomography. Results: After control for WC and covariates, HC was associated with a lower risk of HOMA-IR (p<0.05) and T2D [Men: OR=0.91 (95% CI: 0.86-0.96); Women: OR=0.91 (95% CI: 0.84-0.98)]. For a given WC, HC was also associated with a lower risk of hypertension (p<0.05) and CVD [OR=0.94 (95% CI: 0.88-0.99)] in men, but not women. Although HC was negatively associated with VAT in men and women after control for WC (p<0.05), the addition of HC did not substantially improve upon the prediction of VAT compared to WC alone. Conclusions: The identification of high-risk HIV-infected individuals by WC alone is substantially improved by the addition of HC. Estimates of VAT by WC are not substantially improved by the addition of HC and thus variation in visceral adiposity may not be the conduit by which HC identifies increased health risk.en_US
dc.languageenen
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectHip circumferenceen_US
dc.subjectCardiovascular diseaseen_US
dc.subjectType 2 diabetesen_US
dc.subjectHIVen_US
dc.subjectWaist circumferenceen_US
dc.titleCombined use of waist and hip circumference to identify high-risk HIV-infected patientsen_US
dc.typethesisen_US
dc.description.degreeMasteren
dc.contributor.supervisorRoss, Roberten
dc.contributor.departmentKinesiology and Health Studiesen


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