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dc.contributor.authorNowickyj, Shaun M.en
dc.date2007-12-13 10:14:43.474
dc.date.accessioned2007-12-20T20:51:12Z
dc.date.available2007-12-20T20:51:12Z
dc.date.issued2007-12-20T20:51:12Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/951
dc.descriptionThesis (Master, Biology) -- Queen's University, 2007-12-13 10:14:43.474en
dc.description.abstractThe retinoid X receptor (RXR) participates in a multitude of nuclear receptor signaling pathways and is induced by its highly sought-after cognate ligand, 9-cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA). In flies and moths, molting is mediated by the ecdysone receptor that consists of a heterodimer comprising the ecdysone receptor monomer (EcR) and the invertebrate RXR homolog ultraspiracle (USP); the latter, however, is believed to have diverged from its RXR origin. From the more evolutionarily-primitive insect Locusta migratoria (Lm), long and short RXR transcripts (LmRXR-L and LmRXR-S, respectively) were detected during embryogenesis. This thesis reports the immunochemical detection of RXR cross-reactive material throughout Locusta embryogenesis, suggesting that the protein may have another role besides ecdysone signaling. Thus, the RXR isoforms were cloned for recombinant expression and purification in order to demonstrate retinoid specificity. Both isoforms bound 9-cis-RA and all-trans-RA with high affinity. Binding was further corroborated by the identification of endogenous retinoids during embryogenesis. Embryos were first subjected to modified “Bligh and Dyer” as well as solid phase extractions to circumvent oil precipitation that rendered whole homogenates unsuitable for retinoid assay and detection. The RA-inducible Cyp26A1-promoter reporter cell line identified the presence of endogenous RAs (5.4 nM) from insect embryo extracts. Finally, high pressure liquid chromatography followed by mass spectroscopy (HPLC/MS) confirmed the identity of all-trans-RA and the more abundant 9-cis-RA (1.3 nM). These findings suggest a functional role for 9-cis-RA in the invertebrate embryo and favour signaling through the combination of 9-cis-RA and RXR in evolutionarily early RA-driven animal development.en
dc.format.extent1120652 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectLocusten
dc.subjectRetinoiden
dc.titleCharacterization of the locust retinoid X receptorsen
dc.typethesisen
dc.description.degreeM.Sc.en
dc.contributor.supervisorWalker, Virginia K.en
dc.contributor.departmentBiologyen
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen


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