Shedding Light on Caere’s Ceramic Oil Lamps: Typological Analysis and Discussion
Art , Humanities and religion , Archaeology subjects , Technology and culture , Ancient history , Classical archaeology
Throughout Queen’s University’s 2013-2015 excavations at the Etruscan and Roman city of Caere, numerous Roman ceramic oil lamps were found in the Vigna Marini-Vitalini, the modern name for one area located within the city’s urban centre. This project aims to input these lamps into their respective typological classifications in order to relate them to the overall chronology of the site, specifically in correlation with their contexts, and with a focus on the Roman period of occupation. To investigate this, the paper provides a historical background to Caere, during the ancient period, and an overview of the excavations conducted on the site. Next, there is a brief introduction to the study of lamps, and how typologies work as a methodology. Then the paper will examine the archaeological data to understand the lamp’s archaeological contexts by analyzing their deposition, with a subsequent typological discussion. Thus, this compiled research will shed light on the material culture of Caere during the Roman period and provide broader discourse on the techniques of pottery production and distribution during the late Roman Republic to early Imperial periods.