Electrochemistry, Electrocatalysis and Materials Science of Bulk Pt and Nanoscopic Pt, PtNi, PtCo, and Ni(OH)2 Materials: Preparation, Characterization, Catalytic Activity and Corrosion Behaviour

dc.contributor.authorTahmasebi, Sadafen
dc.contributor.departmentChemistryen
dc.contributor.supervisorJerkiewicz, Gregoryen
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-23T19:10:39Z
dc.date.available2017-11-23T19:10:39Z
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen
dc.description.abstractResearch on the degradation of platinum (Pt) and nickel (Ni) materials is of high importance to the fuel cell and electrolyser technologies, because their degradation translates into irreversible materials loss and deterioration of these energy systems’ performance. Polycrystalline platinum (Pt(poly)) serves as a model system, and experimental studies using Pt(poly) create important background knowledge that will facilitate the identification and quantification of phenomena unique to the nanoscopic Pt-based electrocatalysts. In the thesis, I present original results on the preparation, characterization, catalytic activity and corrosion behaviour of bulk Pt and nanoscopic Pt, PtNi, PtCo and Ni(OH)2 materials. I studied the electrochemical and corrosion behaviour of Pt(poly) in acidic media saturated with N2(g), O2(g) or H2(g). I analyzed the influence of the potential scan rate (s) (1.00–50.0 mV s−1 range) on the cyclic-voltammetry (CV) behaviour of Pt(poly). The results indicated that the Pt surface oxide reveals catalytic duality and acts both as an inhibitor and a catalyst in the oxygen reduction and hydrogen oxidation reactions (ORR and HOR). I also analyzed the influence of the value of s (0.10–1.00 mV s−1 range) on the polarization behaviour of Pt(poly) in anodic and cathodic directions. The results demonstrated that the corrosion data obtained at s = 0.10 mV s−1 are the most representative of the corrosion of Pt(poly). I employed a similar methodology to study the electrochemical and corrosion behaviour of the Pt-base nanocatalysts. Nanocatalysts were synthesized using the “water-in-oil” microemulsion method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were employed to examine their average size, shape, and size distribution; they were determined to be spherical with a fine average size and a narrow size distribution. Thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) measurements were carried out to evaluate the metal loading, which was very close to the predetermined target values. Surface oxide formation and reduction were examined using in-situ confocal Raman spectroscopy. A comparison of the corrosion data (obtained by performing polarization experiments) demonstrated that nanocatalysts do not corrode in the presence of H2(g), corrode slightly in the presence of N2(g), and corrode severely in the presence of O2(g).en
dc.description.degreePhDen
dc.embargo.liftdate2022-11-23T17:43:30Z
dc.embargo.termsWe have original results that are under the publication process; however, some parts of the work has not published yet. Thus, we are requesting for nine months of restriction on the public access to my thesis file.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/23739
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universalen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
dc.subjectElectrochemistryen
dc.subjectElectrocatalysisen
dc.subjectNanomaterialsen
dc.subjectCorrosionen
dc.subjectFuel Cellen
dc.subjectPlatinumen
dc.subjectNickel Hydroxideen
dc.subjectElectrolyseren
dc.subjectPotentiodynamic Polarizationen
dc.subjectCatalytic Activityen
dc.titleElectrochemistry, Electrocatalysis and Materials Science of Bulk Pt and Nanoscopic Pt, PtNi, PtCo, and Ni(OH)2 Materials: Preparation, Characterization, Catalytic Activity and Corrosion Behaviouren
dc.typethesisen
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