Evaluation of the fidelity of an interactive face-to-face educational intervention to improve general practitioner management of back pain

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French, Simon D.
Green, Sally E.
Francis, Jill J.
Buchbinder, Rachelle
O'Connor, Denise A.
Grimshaw, Jeremy M.
Michie, Susan
Primary Care
Implementation intervention effects can only be fully realised and understood if they are faithfully delivered. However the evaluation of implementation intervention fidelity is not commonly undertaken. The IMPLEMENT intervention was designed to improve the management of low back pain by general medical practitioners. It consisted of a two-session interactive workshop, including didactic presentations and small group discussions by trained facilitators. This study aimed to evaluate the fidelity of the IMPLEMENT intervention by assessing: (1) observed facilitator adherence to planned behaviour change techniques (BCTs); (2) comparison of observed and self-reported adherence to planned BCTs and (3) variation across different facilitators and different BCTs.
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