The Commonwealth of Europe: Edmund Burke's Influence on Klemens von Metternich

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Authors
Pasaporte, Benedict Karl V.
Keyword
Edumund Burke , Klemens von Metternich , Influence , Europe , International relations , International order , International relations theory , Congress of Vienna
Abstract
Austrian diplomat Klemens von Metternich is considered the "architect" of the Congress of Vienna, the international peace conference held from 1814 to 1815 that determined the post-Napoleonic European order. He met British politician Edmund Burke before his diplomatic career, an encounter historians had only recently studied. While they established Burke's influence on Metternich, the historiography has yet to consider the role of Burke in the intellectual framework of the Congress. This thesis contributes to recent scholarship on the Congress's intellectual history by arguing that Burke's ideas about international relations, particularly the importance of law, tradition, and solidarity, likely influenced Metternich’s principles and actions. Their many documents, which include writings, speeches, memoirs, correspondences and treaties, reveal parallels between their ideas that came from their use of historical analysis. Through Metternich, Burke's ideas formed part of the intellectual dialogue alongside other theories of international relations during negotiations that helped establish the Congress.
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