Avionics Network Anomaly Detection through True-Skip Learning

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Wrana, Michael
neural networks , cybersecurity , deep learning , cyber-physical systems , Avionics
MIL-STD-1553 is a communication bus that has been used by many military avionics platforms such as the F-15 and F-35 fighter jets for almost 50 years. Recently, it has become clear that the lack of security on MIL-STD-1553 and the requirement for internet communication between planes have revealed numerous potential attack vectors for malicious parties. Prevention of these attacks by modernizing the MIL-STD-1553 is not practical due to the military applications and existing far-reaching installations of the bus. We present a software system that can simulate bus transmissions to create easy, replicable, and large datasets of MIL-STD-1553 communications with simulated attacks. We also propose an intrusion detection system (IDS) that can identify anomalies and the precise type of attack using recurrent neural networks with a reinforcement learning true-skip data selection algorithm. Our IDS outperforms existing algorithms designed for MIL-STD-1553 in binary anomaly detection tasks while also performing attack classification and minimizing computational resource cost. Our simulator can generate more data with higher fidelity than existing methods and integrate attack scenarios with greater detail. Furthermore, the simulator and IDS can be combined to form a web-based attack-defense game.
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