Nigeria’s Internally Displaced Women: The need for decent shelter

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Authors
Tsokwa, Jennifer
Keyword
Insurgency , Internal Displacement , Internally Displaced Person(s) , Women , Vulnerability , Humanitarian Response , Accessibility , Shelter , Wellbeing , Sustainable Development
Abstract
Since 2009, Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, has been in a serious humanitarian crisis emerging from insurgency headed by militant jihadist organization: Boko Haram. The group has carried out deadly attacks on civilians in northeast Nigeria leading to mass internal displacement and forced migration of affected persons in the region to more stable areas of the country. The conflict has done abysmal damage to the region and nation, causing thousands of deaths and dispossessing over 3 million people of their properties and livelihood. Women and children remain hot targets of the group’s numerous abductions, torture and sexual violence both during and post active attack periods. These issues have forced many to flee their communities, seeking safety in Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps cross- country. However, a majority of the camps are in a deplorable state and grapple with overcrowding, poor living conditions, insecurity, environmental health risks and other dangers. The aim of this study is to explore how these issues affect women’s wellbeing, particularly in Durumi IDP camp, Abuja. The end goal of the study is to find crucial gaps in the camp’s conditions and operations, and develop strategies/ recommendations that adhere to sustainable approaches in addressing the pressing living conditions in the camp, particularly decent shelter.
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