Identifying Mental Health Issues In Canadian Immigrants With A Focus On Indian Immigrants
mental health , immigrant health , healthy immigrant effect
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to expand on current knowledge of the mental health of immigrants in Canada by identifying differences in self-rated mental health among immigrant groups based on immigration related, sociodemographic and health and healthcare access related characteristics. Methods: Data from the 2015/2016 and 2017/2018 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), an annual cross-sectional survey disseminated by Statistics Canada, were accessed. Analysis includes descriptive statistics, and a bivariate analysis of each independent variable with the dependent variables. Three sets of series of logistic regression models were analyzed to assess associations between these variables and 1) self-reported mental health (good/poor); 2) reporting a mood disorder (no/yes); and, 3) having an anxiety disorder (no/yes). Results: Results provide support for the healthy immigrant effect. Immigrating in later life and from a lower income country is advantageous for mental health. Living in urban areas, being white, having a higher income, not being under the age of 12 or over 65, are all associated with better mental health in immigrants. Conclusions: Certain sociodemographic and immigration related characteristics put immigrants at risk of poorer mental health outcomes. Further research is necessary to further elucidate these relationships and how mental health supports can be targeted to those who may be at the greatest risk post immigration.