Big Fish in a Big Pond: How Governments, Companies, and International Stakeholders Influence Corporate Social Responsibility

dc.contributor.authorWalsh-Pickering, Daviden
dc.contributor.departmentPolitical Studiesen
dc.contributor.supervisorvon Hlatky, Stéfanie
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-10T20:07:52Z
dc.date.available2021-09-10T20:07:52Z
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen
dc.description.abstractThe international mining sector is constantly scrutinized because of its impact on social and environment issues. Stakeholders interested in improving the social conduct of mining companies have looked towards the development and promotion of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), the idea that companies have an intrinsic duty to operate in a way which limits negative impacts and builds a positive relationship with society. However, in a complex international system, how do stakeholders get others to adopt CSR norms that align with their interests, and which ones are the most effective at doing so? Existing narratives, such as those by Weber (2008), Brin & Nehme (2019), and Vashchenko (2017), have examined the impact of governments and international CSR initiatives on improving company practices, focusing on reducing operational risks and increasing profits (Brin and Nehme 2019; M. Weber 2008; Vashchenko 2017). While insightful, this research has looked more at the content of CSR norms and practices, rather than how stakeholder groups attempt to influence the practices of others. To better understand the dynamics of mutual influence and its relationship to CSR governance, this dissertation focuses on three stakeholder groups in the global CSR arena: governments, companies, and international bodies. I introduce a model, based on institutional and stakeholder theory, to identify and measure the organizational relationship between CSR stakeholders and study how this relationship influences their CSR approaches. This study relies on a comparative approach, examining each stakeholder’s organization, capabilities, and limitations for influencing the practices of others. I find that there are significant differences in the organizational ability of stakeholder groups to influence the practices of others, and that there are mechanisms employed by stakeholders to ensure conformity without the use of traditionally non-voluntary instruments – such as laws or regulations. In fact, while non-voluntary mechanisms are often seen as the most influential for having stakeholders align their practices, the international arena is visibly devoid of these mechanisms and relies more heavily on voluntary approaches which have enforceable qualities. The dissertation adds to the voluntary vs. non-voluntary debates and our understanding of norm diffusion, illustrating the complexity which is inherent to dynamics of mutual influence in the CSR space.en
dc.description.degreePhDen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/29407
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universal*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/*
dc.subjectCorporate Social Responsibilityen
dc.subjectESGen
dc.subjectGlobal Governanceen
dc.subjectEnvironmental, Social, and Corporate Governanceen
dc.subjectSustainabilityen
dc.subjectGlobal Normsen
dc.subjectMutual Influenceen
dc.subjectSustainability Managementen
dc.subjectNorm Diffusionen
dc.subjectInternational Developmenten
dc.titleBig Fish in a Big Pond: How Governments, Companies, and International Stakeholders Influence Corporate Social Responsibilityen
dc.typethesisen
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