The Battle of Lepanto: The Image of The Turk in Renaissance Neo-Latin Poetry

dc.contributor.authorOlinski, Timothyen
dc.contributor.departmentHistoryen
dc.contributor.supervisorD'Elia, Anthony
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-04T14:20:13Z
dc.date.available2022-09-04T14:20:13Z
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen
dc.description.abstractAs the sixteenth century was drawing to a close, the Ottoman Empire made a grab for Venetian territory – in this case, Cyprus. This unprovoked attack set in motion a chain of events that resulted in one of the largest naval battles that the contemporary world had ever seen, Lepanto. The unexpected Western victory, after a long history of ever-worsening defeats, prompted an explosion of optimism, confidence, and Neo-Latin poetic composition. These works, produced in the immediate aftermath of the battle, reveal the newfound optimism and perceptions of the Venetians that penned them. Through classical allusions they denounced their enemy as barbarians, tyrants, deceivers, heretics, and even called for crusade efforts, making it clear to all that the Turks were no longer to be feared. While Lepanto itself has been the subject of a great deal of scholarship, there has been a noticeable absence of coverage regarding these celebratory poems. Some scholars look at Lepanto as a minor occurrence, as the Western powers involved failed to capitalize on the victory. This thesis is intended to challenge that view by looking beyond arguments grounded in direct material outcomes (such as territory won or lost). It is also intended to address that gap in the historiography to show that Lepanto had a much greater effect on European morale than previous victories. By drawing on the Neo-Latin poetry collected by Pietro Gherardi, as well as the Austrias Carmen of Juan Latino, we establish how the Turks were viewed by Venetians in that crucial window following the battle. Then, using Lepanto itself as a framing tool, the analysis conducted here compares the Venetian perceptions to those of contemporaries in the century before it. In doing this we establish that Western pessimism and fear was grounded in a record of ever-increasing failure to effectively combat the rising tide of Ottoman power. Lepanto, however, marks a flashpoint where that track-record dramatically reverses, and the specter of Ottoman invincibility was suddenly shattered irrevocably.en
dc.description.degreePhDen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/30348
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canada*
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreement*
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's University*
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesis*
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.*
dc.rightsAttribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectClassical Receptionen
dc.subjectRenaissanceen
dc.subjectHumanismen
dc.subjectOttomansen
dc.subjectVeniceen
dc.subjectLepantoen
dc.subjectTurksen
dc.subjectJuan Latinoen
dc.titleThe Battle of Lepanto: The Image of The Turk in Renaissance Neo-Latin Poetryen
dc.typethesisen
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