Optimizing fracture management: Correlating the physical and mechanical properties of bone to computed tomography to generate an estimate of bone quality

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Crookshank, Meghan Cathleen Maria
Biomechanics , Bone quality , Computed tomography , Bone mineral content
Non-invasive estimates of bone quality are of great interest as they could potentially improve the diagnosis and treatments for bone disorders, such as osteoporosis, and could aid in preoperative planning of surgical interventions, improving patient outcomes in orthopaedic trauma. Quantitative computed tomography (QCT) is currently being investigated as a method of estimating structural bone mineral content (sBMC) and, thus, bone quality. However, the reported correlations between QCT and sBMC have been variable and the relationships reported between sBMC and the apparent elastic modulus (E*) of bone have been even more variable. A series of investigations are presented, relating QCT, sBMC, apparent density and the E* of bone. These studies were performed with the ultimate objective of determining the appropriateness of QCT as a predictor of the E* of bone and whether the E* of bone could be predicted from information regarding the sBMC and apparent density.
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