Planning Senior-Friendly Neighbourhoods for Instrumental Activities of Daily Living: An evaluation of Macassa and Glenview West, Hamilton, Ontario

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Coates, Victoria
senior-friendly , age-friendly , instrumental activities of daily living , Hamilton , built environment , neighbourhood
Canada is experiencing a demographic trend of population aging (Plouffe & Kalache, 2010). Hamilton, Ontario is in line with this trend, with seniors being the fastest growing segment of Hamilton’s population (HCoA & City of Hamilton, 2014). To address challenges associated with an aging population, there is an international movement advocating for the creation of age-friendly communities, which provide environments to support the well- being of older residents (WHO, 2007). The well-being of seniors is affected by their ability to retain independence in conducting instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) within their neighbourhoods, such as walking to the store, using public transit, and getting to the doctor (Hodge, 2008). This study evaluated the senior-friendliness of the Macassa and Glenview West neighbourhoods in Hamilton to identify which neighbourhood features are supportive of, and which features pose barriers to, instrumental activities of daily living among seniors.
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