Bullying Involvement and Adolescent Substance Use: A Study of Multilevel Risk and Protective Factors

dc.contributor.authorLambe, Lauraen
dc.contributor.departmentPsychologyen
dc.contributor.supervisorCraig, Wendy M.en
dc.date2016-07-25 13:44:07.167
dc.date2016-08-02 13:18:40.65
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-05T22:14:29Z
dc.date.available2016-08-05T22:14:29Z
dc.date.issued2016-08-05
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen
dc.descriptionThesis (Master, Psychology) -- Queen's University, 2016-08-02 13:18:40.65en
dc.description.abstractBullying, frequent drunkenness, and frequent cannabis use are significant health-risk behaviours among youth. While many studies have demonstrated that bullying involvement may initiate a developmental pathway to both types of frequent substance use, there is a limited understanding of the connection between these behaviours. The presence of risk and protective factors within youths’ relationships and within their neighbourhoods may alter the associations between bullying involvement and both types of frequent substance use. A systemic approach is needed to assess the complex, social environments in which youth are embedded. The current thesis consists of two studies that examined the associations between bullying and both types of frequent substance use within the context of youths’ social environments. In Study 1, multilevel modeling was used to examine the associations between bullying and frequent substance use within the context of individual and neighbourhood risk factors. Our results indicated that the risk factors associated with both frequent drunkenness and frequent cannabis use exist at both levels, with neighbourhoods altering the association of individual risk factors. Moreover, bullying was a unique risk factor associated with both types of frequent substance use, whereas indirect associations were observed for victimization. Study 2 used a similar methodology to examine the association between bullying and both types of frequent substance use within the context of individual and neighbourhood protective factors. Once again, our results indicated that the protective factors associated with both types of frequent substance use exist at multiple levels, and that neighbourhoods altered the association of individual protective factors. Additionally, positive relationship characteristics interacted with the link between bullying and both types of frequent substance use. Together, these findings clarify the nature of the bullying-substance use link and emphasize the need to study adolescent development in context.en
dc.description.degreeM.Sc.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/14692
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsCreative Commons - Attribution - CC BYen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectHBSCen
dc.subjectSubstance useen
dc.subjectBullyingen
dc.subjectAdolescenceen
dc.titleBullying Involvement and Adolescent Substance Use: A Study of Multilevel Risk and Protective Factorsen
dc.typethesisen
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
Lambe_Laura_J_201607_MSC.pdf
Size:
5.91 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format