Enhanced Burn Wound Healing Through Controlled and Sustained Delivery of Bioactive Insulin From Alginate Sponge Dressings

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Hrynyk, Michael
Wound Healing , Drug Delivery , Biomaterials , Insulin
Skin is a dynamic and complex organ that relies on the interaction of different cell types,biomacromolecules and signaling molecules. Upon injury, a cascade of events occurs to quickly restore the skin’s integrity. Depending on the size and severity of the wound, a dressing is used to provide a temporary barrier to protect from dehydration, microorganisms and debris. Current wound dressings however, cannot accelerate wound healing beyond the natural rate, require frequent dressing changes, and cannot be easily removed without triggering additional pain ortissue destruction. Insulin, a peptide used to treat Type 1 diabetes, has been reported to improve the recovery of severe burn wounds. Yet, no one has successfully demonstrated a convenient and effective insulin delivery vehicle that can be used to accelerate burn wound healing. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microparticles, were shown to release bioactive insulin for a period of 25 days, stimulating human keratinocyte migration in vitro. A wound dressing made from poly(ethylene glycol) and alginate was formulated incorporating the insulin-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microparticles. Bioactive insulin release was achieved for nearly 3 weeks, along with favourable water handling and physical properties conducive for wound healing. Finally, in vivo testing confirmed that a constant dose of insulin from alginate-PEG sponge dressings loaded with 0.125mg, or 0.04mg/cm2 insulin, with dressing changes every 3 days, was sufficient to significantly improve wound healing by 25%, as compared to an alginate- PEG sponge dressing without insulin. Insulin releasing alginate-PEG sponge dressings are therefore, an effective method of improving burn wound healing and may serve as a delivery vehicle platform to incorporate other therapeutic molecules in the future.
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