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dc.contributor.authorSheppard, Kaleyen
dc.description.abstractThis thesis examines the hydrodynamic performance of a tail-fin abstraction of Anomalocaris canadensis, a large arthropod from the Cambrian period believed to have been an apex predator. Through direct force measurements and stereoscopic particle image velocimetry, it was found that a flat plate with a multi-vane geometry inspired by preservations of Anomalocaris exhibited a region of enhanced steady-state lift and drag at angles of attack greater than 25° when compared to an equivalent delta-wing plate. These shapes showed little difference during acceleration from rest; however, at an angle of attack of 30°, the lift and drag measured on the multi-vane model were 15.3% and 17.0% higher than the delta-wing model, respectively. It was found that the secondary and tertiary vanes of the tail-fin abstraction encourage the formation of additional leading-edge vortices, similar to those frequently seen on natural propulsors. The formation of these additional leading-edge vortices is confirmed by the increase in streamwise circulation measured using particle image velocimetry near the additional leading edges along the length of the chord. The results of the current study suggest that the enhanced resultant normal force on the tail fin of Anomalocaris made it well-suited for manoeuvres, giving it the ability to turn quickly and through small radii of curvature.en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universalen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.subjectFluid Dynamicsen
dc.titleOn the Hydrodynamics of Anomalocaris Tail Finsen
dc.contributor.supervisorRival, Daviden
dc.contributor.departmentMechanical and Materials Engineeringen's University at Kingstonen

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CC0 1.0 Universal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC0 1.0 Universal