Community Integration for Older Adult Immigrants: A Scoping Review
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Introduction: Community integration (CI) has been known in the literature to promote physical and mental heath and well-being within the growing population of older adult immigrants in North America. However, the components of CI that promote this positive impact is unclear. Objectives: This study aimed to explore the components of CI for older adult immigrants. Methods: Relevant articles for this scoping review were found using Arskey and O’Malley’s framework. Sixty-six articles were found using PubMed, Medline, PsychInfo, Sociological Abstracts, & CINHAL. Results: Findings reveal that CI is defined by six components: (1) Employment; (2) Social Integration; (3) Healthcare Access/Availability; (4) Religious/Spiritual Participation and Cultural Practice; (5) Availability and Access to Services/Community/Leisure Services; (6) Feeling at Home/Being Related to Family. The barriers and facilitators were explored for each component. Conclusions: This research evidence reveals the significance of CI for older adult immigrants and addressing the service gaps should be a priority for North America's healthcare system.