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dc.contributor.authorNachmani, Omrien
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-26T21:40:56Z
dc.date.available2019-06-26T21:40:56Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1974/26338
dc.description.abstractHumans are largely visual animals and require that images of objects of interest must be held steadily on the fovea, a region on the retina that allows for high visual acuity. In order to maintain gaze on objects in the environments, humans must move their eyes to keep the object centered on the fovea using saccades, rapid eye movements that redirect the line of sight to a peripheral target, and smooth pursuit, which allow for tracking of low-velocity objects moving within the environment. When objects are fast or unpredictable, the brain coordinates the execution of both pursuit and saccades to catch-up to the target. Deciding to trigger a catch-up saccade during pursuit influences the quality of visual input. This unconscious decision is a trade-off between tolerating being off target when no saccade is triggered or a transient loss of vision during the saccade as the eye moves rapidly. Although catch-up saccades have been extensively investigated, it remains unclear how the trigger decision is made by the brain. de Brouwer et al (2002) demonstrated that catch-up saccades were less likely to occur when the expected time to contact a target using pursuit alone is between 40 and 180ms into the future, referred to as the smooth zone. More recently, we proposed a model (Coutinho et al., 2018) that relies on a probabilistic estimation of predicted future position error (PEpred). Informed by model predictions, we hypothesized that saccade trigger time length and variability will increase when pre-saccadic predicted errors are small or visual uncertainty is high (using a blurred target). Data collected from human participants performing a double step-ramp task showed that large pre-saccadic PEpred (>10deg) produced fast reacting saccades regardless of the level of uncertainty while saccade trigger times preceded by small PEpred (<10deg) were significantly modulated by high uncertainty. The data supports our hypothesized role of PEpred in deciding when to trigger a catch-up saccade during smooth pursuit and indicates a common predictive decision process that governs motor coordination of eye movements.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCanadian thesesen
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universalen
dc.rightsQueen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canadaen
dc.rightsProQuest PhD and Master's Theses International Dissemination Agreementen
dc.rightsIntellectual Property Guidelines at Queen's Universityen
dc.rightsCopying and Preserving Your Thesisen
dc.rightsThis publication is made available by the authority of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private study and research and may not be copied or reproduced except as permitted by the copyright laws without written authority from the copyright owner.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/
dc.subjectSaccadesen
dc.subjectSmooth-Pursuiten
dc.subjectEye-movementen
dc.subjectPredictionen
dc.subjectMotor controlen
dc.subjectUncertaintyen
dc.titlePredicted Position Error Triggers Catch-Up Saccades During Sustained Smooth Pursuiten
dc.typethesisen
dc.description.degreeM.Sc.en
dc.contributor.supervisorBlohm, Gunnaren
dc.contributor.supervisorKhan, Aarlenne Zen
dc.contributor.departmentNeuroscience Studiesen
dc.degree.grantorQueen's University at Kingstonen


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CC0 1.0 Universal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC0 1.0 Universal