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Direct Numerical Simulation of Flow and Mass Transfer in Spacer-Filled Channels
Spacer-filled channels are employed in membrane modules in many industrial applications where feed-flow spacers (employed to separate membrane sheets and create flow channels) tend to enhance mass transport characteristics, ...
Direct Numerical Simulation of Fluid Flow and Mass Transfer in Spacer Filled Channels
Reverse osmosis separation processes are often performed using spiral wound mem- brane modules. Spacer meshes are placed between adjacent membrane layers to prevent them from coming into contact. Spacers promote mixing and ...