Now showing items 21-40 of 138

    • Global Institutions and Human Rights 

      Shaw-Young, Jordan (2008-09-27)
      Thomas Pogge has famously argued that the present arrangement of international institutions that allows for human rights violations to occur on an ongoing basis is unjust, and further, that powerful states that create and ...
    • Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Getting Clear on the Problem of Consciousness 

      Stuckey, James (2008-09-30)
      A new name for an old problem, the “hard problem of consciousness” is perhaps the most controversial issue in the contemporary philosophy of mind. The problem, posed by non-reductivists like Chalmers, is: how do the ...
    • Explaining Copyright: The Normative Implications of its Sociotechnical Construction 

      Nicholson, Scott (2008-10-09)
      The construction of copyright law can be causally explained by two possible types of explanation: dialectical explanations and material explanations. I argue that an adequate causal description of the copyright discourses ...
    • Adaptive Cryptographic Access Control for Dynamic Data Sharing Environments 

      Kayem, Anne (2008-10-21)
      Distributed systems, characterized by their ability to ensure the execution of multiple transactions across a myriad of applications, constitute a prime platform for building Web applications. However, Web application ...
    • Constructing Democratic Space: Inclusion, Efficacy, and Protest in Deliberative Democratic Theory 

      Drake, Anna (2008-12-01)
      This dissertation looks at the challenges that deliberative democratic theory encounters when it tries to offer a rich account of inclusion yet refuses to acknowledge the legitimacy of external protest. While sympathetic ...
    • Freedom and Process 

      Gelok, Ryan (2008-12-18)
      Both Hilary Bok, in “Freedom and Practical Reason,” and Robert Kane, in “Responsibility, Luck, and Chance: Reflections on Free Will and Indeterminism,” make at least implicit use of process-based accounts of deliberation ...
    • A Defence of Thomas Pogge’s Argument for a Minimally Just Institutional Order 

      Gairdner, Franklin (2009-02-02)
      In an attempt to illustrate that the developed world has obligations to alleviate severe poverty, Thomas Pogge created a theory driven by human rights to focus on negative rights and duties of the avoidance of harm. His ...
    • Mathematics, Meaning, and Commitment 

      Smith, Mark Charles Reginald (2009-05-05)
      This thesis offers a defence of realism in mathematics, principally through an a priori re-construal of the indispensability argument as revelatory of the commitments of mathematical thought. Following the articulation and ...
    • Perfectionism within Neutrality 

      Lowry, Christopher Robert (2009-07-21)
      This dissertation explores and defends a form of perfectionism, which I call ‘public value perfectionism’. It is an approach that emerges from Sen’s capability critique of Rawls’s doctrine of primary goods and I argue that ...
    • Between Virtue and Vice: Moral Worth for the Rest of Us 

      Doucet, Mathieu (2009-09-03)
      Most of us fall short of virtue—we are, at various times, weak-willed, selfish, self-absorbed, hypocritical, morally complacent, cowardly, and self-deceived. But most of us are not vicious, either. In this dissertation I ...
    • Truth and Tradition in Plato and the Cambridge Platonists 

      Koffman, Jordan (2009-10-01)
      Both Plato and the Cambridge Platonists hold the view that moral knowledge depends primarily on cognitive resources which are innate to the mind. There is, nevertheless, a need for our minds to be prompted through experience ...
    • Alasdair MacIntyre's After Virtue After Auschwitz 

      Shapiro, Daniel (2009-11-27)
      This thesis explores the concept of moral breakdown in Auschwitz to consider what happens to the virtues under extreme circumstances. The method of exploration applies Alasdair MacIntyre’s virtue theory to the moral ...
    • Moral Responsibility and Preconditions of Moral Criticism 

      Farzam-Kia, Arash (2010-07-07)
      Traditionally, the central threat to the defensibility of the range of practices and attitudes constitutive of moral criticism has been seen to be posed by the Causal Thesis, the view that all actions have antecedent causes ...
    • Relating to Reasons 

      Langlois, Christopher (2010-09-08)
      While each of us has an intuitive sense of what a reason is, when considered more carefully the concept is not so clear. There are a number of questions to which any successful account of reasons will provide some answer. ...
    • Physicalism and Phenomenal Consciousness 

      Reid, Adam Curran (2010-09-19)
      The following thesis is concerned with the contemporary debate in the philosophy of mind surrounding the nature of phenomenal consciousness (viz. subjective experience, or qualia). My primary aim is to adjudicate the ...
    • Spinoza's Causal Axiom: A Defense 

      Doppelt, Torin (2010-09-20)
      In the first chapter, I examine the definitions and axioms in Part One of Spinoza's Ethics. From there, I discuss five interpretations of Spinoza's notion of `axiom' in order to strengthen our understanding of the role ...
    • Psychological Dimensions of Socratic Protreptic 

      Bradizza, Roberto (2012-04-03)
      My goal in the present work is to add to our understanding of Socratic protreptic. I do so by focussing on psychological traits and qualities of character in Socrates’ young associates. There are a number of candidates ...
    • The Gatekeeping Paradigm and the Constructivist Alternative 

      Sung, Kijin (2012-06-22)
      Science and technology have become indispensable elements of virtually every public debate. While nations strive to employ the best experts to make timely decisions, discontented citizens increasingly demand better ...
    • Adopting Obligations: Duties to Existing Children 

      Teeple Hopkins, Morgan (2012-09-10)
      This thesis argues that infertile prospective parents have a moral obligation to adopt rather than pursue ARTs (Assisted Reproductive Technology). The first chapter presents the negative argument against the common desire ...
    • Open Secularism and the New Religious Pluralism 

      Boucher, Francois (2012-09-27)
      Although we have developed modes of governance of religious diversity to accommodate the weak level of religious pluralism which characterized Western societies until recently, it is not clear that these modes of governance ...